UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

 

or

 

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________________________ to_________________________

 

Commission File Number: 001-38036

 

TAKUNG ART CO., LTD

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   26-4731758
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

Flat/RM 03-04 20/F Hutchison House 10 Harcourt Road, Central, Hong Kong

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

+852 3158 0977

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x     Yes ¨    No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). x    Yes ¨    No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) ¨ Smaller reporting company x
  Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ¨    Yes x     No

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY

PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS:

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d)of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. ¨    Yes ¨    No

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

The number of shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of May 15, 2018 is 11,208,882.

 

 

 

 

 

   

FORM 10-Q

TAKUNG ART CO., LTD

INDEX

 

    Page
     
PART I. Financial Information 3
     
  Item 1.  Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 3
     
  Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation. 17
     
  Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 24
     
  Item 4.  Controls and Procedures. 24
     
PART II. Other Information 24
     
  Item 6.  Exhibits. 25
     
  Signatures 26

 

 2 

 

   

PART I –FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

TAKUNG ART CO., LTD AND SUBSIDIARIES

INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Stated in U.S. Dollars except Number of Shares) 

 

    March 31,     December 31,  
    2018     2017  
    (Unaudited)        
ASSETS                
Current assets                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 12,809,609     $ 11,866,965  
Restricted cash     28,104,820       25,273,617  
Account receivables, net     893,940       2,291,698  
Prepayment and other current assets     2,099,718       2,300,207  
Loan receivables     7,880,516       7,834,115  
Total current assets     51,788,603       49,566,602  
                 
Non-current assets                
Property and equipment, net     2,519,496       2,191,321  
Intangible assets     22,234       22,334  
Deferred tax assets     215,858       291,430  
Other non-current assets     536,176       757,235  
Total non-current assets     3,293,764       3,262,320  
Total assets   $ 55,082,367     $ 52,828,922  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
                 
LIABILITIES                
Current liabilities                
Accrued expenses and other payables   $ 1,007,156     $ 1,461,858  
Customer deposits     28,104,820       25,273,617  
Advance from customers     138,791       170,078  
Short-term borrowings from third parties     7,080,903       7,208,761  
Amount due to related party     -       483,822  
Tax payables     352,614       312,575  
Total current liabilities     36,684,284       34,910,711  
                 
Total liabilities   $ 36,684,284     $ 34,910,711  
                 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES                
                 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
Common stock (1,000,000,000 shares authorized; $0.001 par value; 11,208,882 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2018;
11,188,882 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017)
  $ 11,209     $ 11,189  
Additional paid-in capital     6,189,945       6,116,216  
Retained earnings     12,534,386       12,111,096  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (337,457 )     (320,290 )
Total stockholders’ equity     18,398,083       17,918,211  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 55,082,367     $ 52,828,922  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements. 

 

 3 

 

 

TAKUNG ART CO., LTD AND SUBSIDIARIES

INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Stated in U.S. Dollars except Number of Shares)

(UNAUDITED)

 

    For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
    For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
    2018     2017  
             
Revenue                
Listing fee   $ 1,978,667     $ 2,307,946  
Commission     1,635,517       1,670,613  
Authorized agent subscription revenue     191,623       -  
Management fee     168,315       292,551  
Annual fee     162       483  
Total revenue     3,974,284       4,271,593  
                 
Cost of  revenue     (933,593 )     (262,659 )
Gross profit     3,040,691       4,008,934  
                 
Operating expenses                
General and administrative expenses     (3,008,885 )     (2,573,391 )
Selling expenses     (243,591 )     (337,527 )
Total operating expenses     (3,252,476 )     (2,910,918 )
                 
(Loss) income from operations     (211,785 )     1,098,016  
                 
Other income and expenses:                
Other income     239,403       112,358  
Loan interest expense     (154,783 )     (149,891 )
Exchange gain     992,895       120,937  
Total other income     1,077,515       83,404  
                 
Income before income tax expense       865,730       1,181,420  
                 
Provision for income taxes     (442,440 )     (307,881 )
                 
Net income     423,290       873,539  
                 
Foreign currency translation adjustment     (17,167 )     134,527  
                 
Comprehensive income   $ 406,123     $ 1,008,066  
                 
Earnings per common share – basic   $ 0.04     $ 0.08  
Earnings per common share – diluted   $ 0.04     $ 0.08  
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding –basic     11,204,215       10,733,506  
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding –diluted     11,223,408       11,509,938  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 

 

 

TAKUNG ART CO., LTD AND SUBSIDIARIES

INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(Stated in U.S. Dollars)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   For the Three Months   For the Three Months 
   Ended   Ended 
   March 31,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   3,039,614    (616,716)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Purchase of property and equipment   (231,478)   (59,900)
Purchase of available-for-sales investment   (28,173,448)   (13,656,439)
Maturity and redemption of available-for-sales investment   28,173,448    13,656,439 
Loan to third parties   -    (3,553,799)
Repayment from loan to third parties   239,356    3,403,940 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   7,878    (209,759)
           
Effect of exchange rate change on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   726,355    139,134 
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   3,773,847    (687,341)
           
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning balance   37,140,582    35,138,697 
           
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, ending balance  $40,914,429   $34,451,356 
           
Supplemental cash flows information:          
           
Cash paid for interest  $74,601   $69,229 
Cash paid for income tax  $108,393   $- 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 5 

 

   

TAKUNG ART CO., LTD AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

1. ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Takung Art Co., Ltd and subsidiaries (“Takung” or the “Company”), a Delaware corporation (formerly Cardigant Medical Inc.) through Hong Kong Takung Art Company Limited (formerly Hong Kong Takung Assets and Equity of Artworks Exchange Co., Ltd.), a Hong Kong company (“Hong Kong Takung”) and our wholly owned subsidiary, operates an electronic online platform located at www.takungae.com for artists, art dealers and art investors to offer and trade in valuable artwork.

 

Hong Kong Takung was incorporated in Hong Kong on September 17, 2012 and operates an electronic online platform for offering, selling and trading artwork. For the period from September 17, 2012 (inception) to December 31, 2012, the company had no operation except the issuance of shares for subscription receivables. The Company generates revenue from its services in connection with the offering and trading of artwork on its system, primarily consisting of listing fees, trading commissions, and management fees. The Company conducts its business primarily in Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”).

 

Takung (Shanghai) Co., Ltd (“Shanghai Takung”) is a limited liability company, with a registered capital of $1 million, located in the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone. Shanghai Takung was incorporated on July 28, 2015 in the PRC. It is engaged in providing services to its parent company, Hong Kong Takung by receiving deposits from and making payments to online artwork traders of Takung for and on behalf of Takung.

 

Shanghai Takung set up a new office in Hangzhou, PRC, on November 20, 2016 for technology development. 

 

Takung Cultural Development (Tianjin) Co., Ltd (“Tianjin Takung”) is a limited liability company, with a registered capital of $1 million located in the Pilot Free Trade Zone in Tianjin. Tianjin Takung was incorporated on January 27, 2016 and is a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Hong Kong Takung.

 

Tianjin Takung provides technology development services to Hong Kong Takung and Shanghai Takung and also carries out marketing and promotion activities in mainland China.

 

 6 

 

  

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2018 and for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and disclosures, which are normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although management believes that the disclosures made are adequate to provide for fair presentation. The interim financial information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, previously filed with the SEC.

 

This basis of accounting involves the application of accrual accounting and consequently, revenues and gains are recognized when earned, and expenses and losses are recognized when incurred. The Company’s financial statements are expressed in U.S. Dollars.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present a fair statement of the Company’s consolidated financial position as of March 31, 2018, its consolidated results of operations and cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, as applicable, have been made. The interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future periods. 

 

 7 

 

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

 

Adoption of ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”

Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606 using modified retrospective approach applied its contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are accounted for and presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with Topic 605.

 

We recognize revenue when control of the promised services is transferred to our traders and offering agents. Revenue is measured at the transaction price which is based on the amount of consideration that the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring the promised services to our traders and offering agents. Our revenue mainly falls into the following broad categories: (i) listing fees, (ii) trading commissions, (iii) management fees, (iv) authorized agent subscription fee, and (v) annual fee. 

 

Listing fee revenue

 

Using the output method, we recognize the listing fee revenue at a point when the ownership units of the artwork are listed and successfully traded on our system, based on the agreed percentage of the total offering price. This amount is collected from the money raised from the issuance of such units accounted as the listing fee revenue accordingly. When the ownership units of the artwork are listed and starts trading on our system, the original owner and/or the offering agent shall pay us a one-time offering fee and a listing deposit.

 

Commission fee revenue

 

We generate commission fee from non-VIP traders and selected traders. We measure the progress of performance obligations using output method, as traders receive the benefits from receiving an access and making transactions on our trading platform:

 

For non-VIP traders, the commission revenue was calculated based on a percentage of transaction value of artworks, which we charge trading commissions for the purchase and sale of the ownership shares of the artworks. 

 

 8 

 

   

For selected traders, starting from April 1, 2016, we charged a predetermined monthly fee (unlimited trades for specific artworks) for specific artworks. 

 

Commission rebate programs are offered to traders and service agents. We pay to existing traders and service agents at a predetermined referral rate of commission earned from the transactions of new traders referred by them. The commission rebate is recognized as a reduction of the commission revenue prior to January 1, 2018 under Topic 605. Starting from January 1, 2018, we account for the commission rebate as cost of revenue under Topic 606-10-32-26. As this is a classification between revenue and cost of revenue, it would have no impact on the opening balance for the year beginning January 1, 2018. Commission rebate recognized as cost of revenue was $ 606,241 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, compared to $ 49,465 recognized as a deduction of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

The rebates are recognized in the same period the related revenue is recognized.

 

Management fee revenue

 

The custody and insurance service is provided for each individual artwork on a daily basis. The cost of custody and insurance for each unit of artwork is constant for all artworks. Using the cost based input method, we charge traders a management fee to cover the costs of insurance, storage and transportation for an artwork and trading management of artwork units, which are calculated at $0.0013 (HK$0.01) per 100 artwork units daily. The management fee is accounted for as revenue, and immediately deducted from proceeds from the sale of artwork ownership shares when a transaction is completed. A discount program is offered to waive the management fee during certain promotion periods. Such discount is recognized as a reduction of the revenue upon the completion of the transactions.

 

Authorized agent subscription revenue

 

We charge an authorized agent subscription fee which is an annual service fee paid by authorized agents to grant them the right to bring their network of artwork owners to list their artwork on our trading platform. This revenue is recognized ratably over the annual agreement period for each agent.

 

Annual fee revenue

 

We charge an up-front annual fee for providing traders with premium services, including more in-depth information and tools, on the trading platform. This revenue is recognized ratably over the service agreement period for each trader.

 

 9 

 

   

For comparative purpose, we adjusted the revenue for three months ended March 31, 2017 as if retrospectively adopted ASC 606.

 

The following tables identify the disaggregation of our revenue: 

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
       As previously
reported
   Adjustments   Adjusted 
Listing fee revenue  $1,978,667   $2,307,946    -   $2,307,946 
Commission   1,635,517    1,670,613    49,465    1,720,078 
Management fee revenue   168,315    292,551    -    292,551 
Authorized agent subscription revenue   191,623    -    -    - 
Annual fee revenue   162    483    -    483 
Total  $3,974,284   $4,271,593   $49,465   $4,321,058 

 

The Company has elected to apply the practical expedient in paragraph ASC 606-10-50-14 and does not disclose information about remaining performance obligations that have original expected durations of one year or less.

 

We do not have amounts of contract assets that the Company has right to consideration in exchange for services that the Company has transferred to customers when that right is conditioned on something other than the passage of time. Our contract liabilities are the Company’s obligation to transfer services to traders for which the Company has received consideration from the traders. All contract liabilities are expected to be recognized as revenue within one months and are presented in Advance from Customers in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 

Statement of Cash Flows:  In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): “Restricted Cash” (“ASU 2016-18”). ASU 2016-18 requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. This update is effective in fiscal years, including interim periods, beginning after December 15, 2017 and early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance will result in the inclusion of the restricted cash balances within the overall cash balance and removal of the changes in restricted cash activity, which are currently recognized in other financing activities, on the Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Furthermore, an additional reconciliation will be required to reconcile Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Interim Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets to sum to the total shown in the Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. The Company has already disclosed the restricted cash separately on its Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. Beginning the first quarter of 2018, the Company has adopted and also included the restricted cash balances on the Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows and reconciliation of Cash, cash equivalent and restricted cash within its Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Positions that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. And the Cash Flows of three months ended March 31, 2017 has been applied retrospectively.

 

In January 2018, the FASB staff released guidance on accounting for the tax provisions of Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) as provided under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“the Act”). GILTI refers to the tax on the excess of a United States shareholder’s total net foreign income over a deemed return on tangible assets. Based on the information available for the first quarter of 2018, the Company provisionally made a policy election and accounted for its potential GILTI tax as a period cost when incurred.

 

  

Accounting Pronouncements Issued But Not Yet Adopted

 

Except for the ASU disclosed in Note 2 to the financial statements on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, previously filed with the SEC, there is no ASU the FASB issued that expected to have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements upon adoption.  

    

 10 

 

 

3. PREPAYMENT AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

Prepayment and other current assets consisted of the following:

 

    March 31,
2018
    December 31, 
2017
 
    (Unaudited)        
Tax receivables   $ 900,029     $ 1,132,140  
Prepaid service fees     520,090       489,424  
Short-term borrowings to third party     478,271       461,092  
Staff advance     81,657       52,124  
Prepaid repair and maintenance     -       46,733  
Other current assets     119,671       118,694  
Prepayment and other current assets   $ 2,099,718     $ 2,300,207  

 

4. ACCOUNT RECEIVABLES, NET

 

Account receivables consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2018
   December 31,
2017
 
   (Unaudited)     
Listing fee  $702,818   $2,259,671 
Authorized agent subscription revenue   747,686    559,101 
Monthly commission fee   1,375,004    1,463,243 
Others   53,504    80,473 
Subtotal   2,879,012    4,362,488 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   (1,985,072)   (2,070,790)
Account receivables, net  $893,940   $2,291,698

 

 11 

 

   

5. LOAN RECEIVABLES

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the loan agreements in loan receivables balance:

 

Date   Borrower   Lender  

Original 

Amount
(RMB)

   

Outstanding

Balance

(RMB)

   

Amount in

Reporting

Currency

(USD)

   

Annual 
Interest 

Rate

    Repayment 
Due Date
                                     
11/14/2016   Xiaohui Wang   Shanghai Takung     10,275,000       9,827,200     $ 1,566,687       0 %   10/31/2018
12/9/2016   Xiaohui Wang   Tianjin Takung     10,550,000       10,062,400     $ 1,604,183       0 %   11/30/2018
4/4/2017   Xiaohui Wang   Tianjin Takung     22,921,725       22,921,725     $ 3,654,262       0 %   12/31/2018
12/15/2017   Xiaohui Wang   Tianjin Takung     3,310,000       3,310,000     $ 527,692       0 %   12/14/2018
12/19/2017   Xiaohui Wang   Tianjin Takung     3,310,000       3,310,000     $ 527,692       0 %   12/18/2018
              Total             $ 7,880,516              

 

All the transactions were aimed to meet the Company’s working capital needs in U.S. Dollars, which are freely convertible to Hong Kong Dollar.

    

  The interest-free loans (the “RMB Loans”) entered into by Shanghai Takung and Tianjin Takung were guaranteed by Chongqing Wintus (New Star) Enterprises Group (“Chongqing”). Xiaohui Wang (“Ms. Wang”) is a citizen of the People’s Republic of China. Ms. Wang is a shareholder and the legal representative of Chongqing. Both Chongqing and Ms. Wang are non-related parties to the Company.

 

  Hong Kong Takung entered into loan agreements (the “U.S. Dollar Loans”) with Merit Crown Limited, a Hong Kong company (“Merit Crown) with interest accruing at a rate of 8% per annum (See Note 8). Merit Crown is a non-related party to the Company.

  

Through an understanding between Ms. Wang and Merit Crown, the U.S. Dollar Loans are “secured” by the RMB Loans. It is the understanding between the parties that when the U.S. Dollar Loans are repaid, the RMB Loans will be repaid at the same time.  

 

 12 

 

   

6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following:

 

   March 31, 
2018
   December 31, 
2017
 
   (Unaudited)     
Furniture, fixtures and equipment  $180,813   $167,651 
Leasehold improvements   493,397    426,138 
Computer trading and clearing system   3,858,497    3,485,844 
Transport equipment   114,683    - 
Sub-total   4,647,390    4,079,633 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (2,127,894)   (1,888,312)
Property and equipment, net  $2,519,496   $2,191,321 

 

Depreciation expense was $228,704 and $168,142 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

7. ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER PAYABLES

 

Accrued expenses and other payables as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)     
Accruals for professional fees  $431,596   $192,067 
Accruals for consulting fees   264,189    265,393 
Payroll payables   157,671    827,246 
Trading and clearing system   52,474    52,564 
Other payables   101,226    124,588 
Total accrued expenses, account & other payables  $1,007,156   $1,461,858 

 

8. SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS FROM THIRD PARTIES

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the loan agreements in loan receivables balance:

 

Date   Borrower   Lender   March 31, 
2018
(USD)
    December 31,
2017
(USD)
    Annual
Interest
Rate
    Repayment 
Due Date
                               
7/15/2016   Hong Kong Takung   Merit Crown Limited   $ 1,500,000     $ 1,500,000       8 %   12/31/2018
8/24/2016   Hong Kong Takung   Merit Crown Limited   $ 1,999,500     $ 1,999,500       8 %   12/31/2018
11/18/2016   Hong Kong Takung   Merit Crown Limited   $ 1,480,000     $ 1,480,000       8 %   10/31/2018
12/9/2016   Hong Kong Takung   Merit Crown Limited   $ 1,520,000     $ 1,520,000       8 %   11/30/2018
12/19/2017   Hong Kong Takung   Merit Crown Limited   $ 500,000     $ 500,000       8 %   12/18/2018
12/22/2017   Hong Kong Takung   Merit Crown Limited   $ 500,000     $ 500,000       8 %   12/21/2018
    Less: Discount loan payable       $ (418,597 )   $ (290,739 )            
                                     
        Total   $ 7,080,903     $ 7,208,761              

 

 13 

 

   

The U.S. Dollar Loans are to provide Hong Kong Takung with sufficient U.S. Dollar-denominated currency to meet its working capital requirements. It is “secured” by the aforementioned RMB Loans (See Note 5) of equivalent amount by its subsidiary to an individual and guarantor affiliated with the lender of the U.S. Dollar Loans. It is the understanding between the parties that when the U.S. Dollar Loans are repaid, the RMB Loans will similarly be repaid.

 

The weighted average interest rate of outstanding short-term borrowings was 8% per annum as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017. The fair values of the short-term borrowings approximate their carrying amounts. The weighted average short-term borrowing was $7,017,703 and $6,315,799 for the three months period ended March 31, 2018 and year ended December 31, 2017, respectively. The interest expenses for the loan agreements were $150,569 and $129,557 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 respectively.

 

9. RELATED PARTY BALANCES AND TRANSACTIONS

 

The following is a list of related parties to which the Company has transactions with:

  

(a) Jianping Mao (“Mao”), the wife of the Vice General Manager of Hong Kong Takung.

  

Amount due to related party

 

Amount due to related party consisted of the following as of the periods indicated:

 

   March 31,
2018
   December 31,
2017
 
   (Unaudited)     
Mao (a)  $-   $483,822 
Total   -    483,822 

 

The interest expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017 were $4,214 and $20,334, respectively. The Company fully repaid the amount due to Mao on March 13, 2018.

 

10. INCOME TAXES

 

Takung was incorporated in the State of Delaware and is subject to United States income tax. Hong Kong Takung was incorporated in Hong Kong S.A.R. People’s Republic of China and is subject to Hong Kong profits tax. Shanghai Takung and Tianjin Takung are PRC corporations and are subject to enterprise taxes in the PRC.

 

United States of America

 

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act Enacted in 2017

 

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act"). The Tax Act makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code, including, but not limited to, (1) reducing the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent; (2) requiring companies to pay a one-time transition tax on certain unrepatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries; (3) generally eliminating U.S. federal corporate income taxes on dividends from foreign subsidiaries; (4) providing modification to subpart F provisions and new taxes on certain foreign earnings such as Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (GILTI). Except for the one-time transition tax, most of these provisions go into effect starting January 1, 2018.

 

Under the Tax Act, the Company is subject to tax on GILTI earned by its foreign subsidiaries and made a reasonable estimate of the impact for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The GILTI provision requires the Company to include the excess of the U.S. shareholder’s net controlled foreign corporations’ earnings over the U.S. shareholder’s deemed tangible income return. The Company provisionally made a policy election and accounted for its estimated tax on GILTI for the three months ended March 31, 2018 as a period cost when incurred since the Company does not anticipate any deferred tax impact around GILTI due to its current period impact on the U.S. tax payable.

  

As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company in the United States had $693,597 and $250,090 in net operating loss carry forwards available to offset future taxable income, respectively. For net operating losses arising after December 31, 2017, the Tax Act limits the Company’s ability to utilize NOL carryforwards to 80% of taxable income and can to carryforward the NOL indefinitely. Carrybacks are now prohibited. NOLs generated prior to January 1, 2018 will not be subject to the taxable income limitation and will begin to expire in 2033 if not utilized.

 

On December 22, 2017, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) to address the application of U.S. GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act. As of March 31, 2018, the Company has not completed its accounting for all tax effects of the Tax Act and has made reasonable estimates during 2017. The Company will monitor future guidance set forth by the Department of Treasury with regard to the tax provisions under the Act that are applicable and will revise relevant estimates as appropriate within the one year measurement period.

 

 14 

 

    

Hong Kong

 

The provision for current income taxes of the subsidiary operating in Hong Kong has been calculated by applying the current rate of taxation of 16.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017, if applicable.

 

PRC

 

In accordance with the relevant tax laws and regulations of the PRC, a company registered in the PRC is subject to income taxes within the PRC at the applicable tax rate on taxable income. All the PRC subsidiaries were subject to income tax at a rate of 25%.

  

The income tax provision consists of the following components:

 

   

March 31,

2018

    March 31,
2017
 
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
Current:                
Federal   $ -     $ -  
State     -       -  
Foreign     356,281       349,997  
Total Current   $ 356,281     $ 349,997  
                 
Deferred:                
Federal   $ 37,398     $    
State     -       -  
Foreign     48,761       (42,116 )
Total Deferred   $ 86,159     $ (42,116 )
Total provision for income taxes   $ 442,440       307,881  

 

A reconciliation between the Company’s actual provision for income taxes and the provision at the Hong Kong statutory rate is as follows:

  

   March 31,
2018
   March  31,
2017
 
Income before income tax expense    $865,730   $1,181,420 
Computed tax expense (benefit) with statutory tax rate   142,845    194,934 
Impact of different tax rates in other jurisdictions   20,700    (153,094)
Tax effect of non-deductible expenses   141,310    20,520 
Changes in valuation allowance   137,585    245,521 
           
Total Provision for Income Taxes  $442,440   $307,881 

 

The effective tax rate for the three months ended 2018 and 2017 was 51.5% and 26.1%, respectively.

 

 15 

 

 

11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operation Commitments

 

The total future minimum lease payments under the non-cancellable operating lease with respect to the office and the dormitory as of March 31, 2018 are payable as follows: 

 

Nine months  ending December 31, 2018   $ 779,629  
         
Year ending December 31, 2019     370,358  
         
Year ending December 31, 2020     43,411  
         
Year ending December 31, 2021     15,942  
         
Year ending December 31, 2022 and thereafter     56,462  
         
Total   $ 1,265,802  

 

Rental expense of the Company was $272,270 and $224,547 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 respectively. 

 

12. EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares and dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period.

 

   Three months ended
March 31, 2018
   Three months ended
March 31, 2017
 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Numerator:          
Net income  $423,290   $873,539 
Denominator:          
Weighted-average shares outstanding-Basic   11,204,215    10,733,506 
Stock options and restricted shares   19,193    776,432 
Weighted-average shares outstanding-Diluted   11,223,408    11,509,938 
           
Earnings per share          
-Basic  $0.04   $0.08 
-Diluted  $0.04   $0.08 

 

Diluted earnings per share takes into account the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised and converted into common stock.

 

13. SUBSEQUENT EVENT

 

The Company evaluated and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition or disclosure in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 16 

 

   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes thereto.

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains or may contain forward-looking statements and information that are based upon beliefs of, and information currently available to, our management as well as estimates and assumptions made by our management. When used in the report the words “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “future”, “intend”, “plan” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions as they relate to us or our management identify forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect the current view of our management with respect to future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors as they relate to our industry, our operations and results of operations, and any businesses that we may acquire. Should one or more of the events described in these risk factors materialize, or should our underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned.

 

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the U.S. federal securities laws, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform them to actual results unless required by applicable securities regulations or rules. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes filed herein.

  

Overview

 

We were incorporated in Delaware under the name Cardigant Medical Inc. on April 17, 2009. Our initial business plan was to focus on the development of novel biologic and peptide based compounds and enhanced methods for local delivery for the treatment of vascular disease including peripheral artery disease and ischemic stroke.

 

Hong Kong Takung is a limited liability company incorporated on September 17, 2012 under the laws of Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China. Although Takung was incorporated in 2012, it did not commence business operations until late 2013.

 

 17 

 

 

As a result of the transfer of the excluded assets pursuant to the Contribution Agreement and the acquisition of all the issued and outstanding shares of Hong Kong Takung, we are no longer conducting the Cardigant Business and have now assumed Hong Kong Takung’s business operations as it now our only operating wholly-owned subsidiary.

 

Hong Kong Takung operates an electronic online platform located at http://eng.takungae.com for artists, art dealers and art investors to offer and trade in valuable artwork.

 

Through Hong Kong Takung, we offer on-line listing and trading services that allow artists/art dealers/owners to access a much bigger art trading market where they can engage with a wide range of investors that they might not encounter without our platform. Our platform also makes investment in high-end and expensive artwork more accessible to ordinary people without substantial financial resources.

  

We generate revenue from our services in connection with the offering and trading of artwork on our system, primarily consisting of listing fees, trading commissions, management fees and authorized agent subscription.

 

On July 28, 2015, Hong Kong Takung incorporated a wholly owned subsidiary, Takung (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai Takung”), in Shanghai Free-Trade Zone (SFTZ) in Shanghai, China, with a registered capital of $1 million. Shanghai Takung is engaged in providing services to its parent company Hong Kong Takung by receiving deposits from and making payments to online artwork traders for and on behalf of Hong Kong Takung.

 

On January 27, 2016, Hong Kong Takung incorporated another subsidiary, Takung Cultural Development (Tianjin) Co., Ltd (“Tianjin Takung”), a limited liability company, with a registered capital of $1 million in Tianjin Pilot Free Trade Zone in Tianjin, People’s Republic of China. Tianjin Takung provides technology development services to Hong Kong Takung and Shanghai Takung, and also carries out marketing and promotion activities in mainland China.

 

Recently Shanghai Takung set up an office in Hangzhou to carry out technology development.

 

Since July 28, 2016, we have expanded access to our trading platform to residents of Russia, Mongolia, Australia and New Zealand – our first major expansion of operations outside of China. To further stimulate trading interest, we have added selected portfolios from these countries to our platform, which now numbers 199 artworks including three Russian painting portfolios and fifteen Mongolian paintings.  

 

Our headquarters are located in Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China and we conduct our business primarily in Hong Kong, Shanghai and Tianjin. Recently, we set up a new office in Hangzhou to conduct technology development. Our principal executive offices are located at Flat/RM 03-04, 20/F, Hutchison House, 10 Harcourt Road, Central Hong Kong.

 

Our common stock began trading on the NYSE American under the symbol “TKAT” on March 22, 2017.

 

Results of Operation of Takung

 

Hong Kong Takung operates a platform for offering and trading artwork. We generate revenue from our services in connection with the offering and trading of artwork ownership units on our system, primarily consisting of listing fees, trading commissions, and management fees.

 

 18 

 

  

THREE-MONTH PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2018 COMPARED TO THREE-MONTH PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2017

 

The following tables set forth our condensed consolidated statements of income data:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Revenue  $3,974,284   $4,271,593 
Cost of revenue   (933,593)   (262,659)
Selling expense   (243,591)   (337,527)
General and administrative expenses   (3,008,885)   (2,573,391)
Total costs and expenses   (4,186,069)   (3,173,577)
Income from operations   (211,785)   1,098,016 
Interest and other income, net   1,077,515    83,404 
Income before income taxes   865,730    1,181,420 
Income tax expense   (442,440)   (307,881)
Net income  $423,290   $873,539 

 

The following tables set forth our condensed consolidated statements of income data (as a percentage of revenue):

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Revenue   100%   100%
   Cost of revenue – Direct revenue   (23)   (6)
   Selling expense   (6)   (8)
   General and administrative expenses   (76)   (61)
Total costs and expenses   (105)   (75)
Income from operations   (5)   25 
Interest and other income, net   27    2 
Income before income taxes   22    27 
Income tax expense   (11)   (7)
Net income   11%   20%

  

Revenue

 

For comparative purpose, we adjusted the revenue for three months ended March 31, 2017 as if retrospectively adopted ASC 606. 

 

The following table set forth our condensed consolidated revenue by revenue source:

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
       As previously
reported
   Adjustments   Adjusted 
Listing fee revenue  $1,978,667   $2,307,946    -   $2,307,946 
Commission   1,635,517    1,670,613    49,465    1,720,078 
Management fee revenue   168,315    292,551    -    292,551 
Authorized agent subscription revenue   191,623    -    -    - 
Annual fee revenue   162    483    -    483 
Total  $3,974,284   $4,271,593   $49,465   $4,321,058 

 

  (i) Listing fee revenue

 

As of March 31, 2018, a total of 260 sets of artwork were listed for trade on our platform —comprising 45 sets of paintings and calligraphies from famous Chinese, Russian and Mongolian artists, with a total listing value of $22,240,958 (HK$174,100,000), 35 pieces of jewelry with a total listing value of $9,282,183 (HK$72,660,000), 134 pieces of precious stones with a total listing value of $16,293,003 (HK$127,540,000), 29 pieces of amber with a total listing value of $12,710,944 (HK$99,500,000), 4 pieces of antique mammoth ivory carvings with a total listing value of $664,291 (HK$5,200,000), 2 pieces of porcelain pastel paintings ranging with a total listing value of $332,145 (HK$2,600,000), 2 pieces of porcelains with a total listing value of $102,199 (HK$800,000), 2 sets of Unit+ products with a total listing value of $282,068 (HK$2,208,000), 1 piece of Yixing collectable with listing value of $127,748 (HK$1,000,000), and 6 pieces of Sports memorabilia with listing value of $959,312 (HK$7,509,400), of which 22.5%-48% (for 45 sets of paintings), 24%-48.5% (for the 134 pieces of precious stones), 29%-48% (for the 35 pieces of jewelry), 47%-48.5% (for 4 piece of antique mammoth ivory carvings), 32%-48% (for the 29 pieces of amber), 45%-46% (for the 2 pieces of porcelain pastel paintings), 46%-47.5% (for the 2 pieces of porcelains), 30.25%-45% (for the 2 sets of Unit+ products), 45% (1 piece of Yixing collectable) and 45% (for the 6 pieces of Sports memorabilia) of the listed values were charged as listing fees, respectively.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, there were 5 sets of paintings, 8 pieces of precious stones, 1 set of Unit+ product and 5 pieces of Sports memorabilia listed on our platform. Their total listing values were $2,810,460 (HK$22,000,000) for the paintings, $986,216 (HK$7,720,000) for precious stones, $130,303 (HK$1,020,000) for Unit+ product, and $831,002 (HK$6,505,000) for the Sports memorabilia, of which 43%-47.3% (for the paintings), 24%-46% (for the precious stones), 45% (for the Unit+ product), and 45% (for the Sports memorabilia) of the listed values were charged as listing fees, respectively.

 

The decrease in listing values and corresponding listing fees charged during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the same period ended March 31, 2017 resulted in a decrease in listing fee revenue in the current period.

  

  (ii) Commission fee revenue

 

We generate commission fee from non-VIP traders and selected traders as follows:

 

For non-VIP traders, the commission revenue was calculated based on a percentage of transaction value of artworks, which we charge trading commissions for the purchase and sale of the ownership shares of the artworks. The commission is typically 0.3% of the total amount of each transaction, but as an initial promotion, we currently charge a reduced fee of 0.2% (resulting in an aggregate of 0.4% for both buy and sell transactions) of the total transaction amount with the minimum charge of $0.13 (HK$1). The commission is accounted for as revenue and immediately deducted from the proceeds from the sales of artwork units when a transaction is complete.

 

For selected traders, starting from April 1, 2016, we charged a predetermined monthly fee (unlimited trades for specific artworks) for specific artworks. These traders are selected by authorized agents and reviewed by us. After review, we negotiate individually with each one of them to determine a fixed monthly fee. Different traders may have different rates but once negotiated and agreed to, the monthly fee is fixed. Using the output method, we recognize the monthly commission revenue upon the selected traders receive an access to and make unlimited trades for specific artworks on our trading platform.

 

 19 

 

   

We defined a selected trader as an inactive trader who meets either one of the criteria stated as follows:

 

  · The trader has been default in making monthly commission payment over three months.

 

  · The trader has not incurred any sales or purchase transactions in the month of reassessment.

 

  · The offering agent confirms that the respective selected trader is inactive.

 

Commission rebate programs are offered to traders and service agents. We pay to existing traders 5% of the commission earned from the transactions of new traders referred by them. The rebate was adjusted from 15% to 5%, starting from January 1, 2017. For service agents, we rebate a total of 40% to 68% of the commission earned from transactions with new traders to the service agents when they bring in an agreed number of traders to the trading platform. For service agents who have individual referrers referring traders to us, we will, after rebating such individual referrers 5% of the commission earned from the transactions of new traders they referred, deduct such 5% of the commission from the rebates payable to the service agents to which such individual referrers relate. The commission rebate is recognized as reduction of the commission revenue prior to January 1, 2018 under Topic 605. Starting January 1, 2018, we account for the commission rebate as cost of revenue under Topic 606.  

 

The rebates and discounts are recognized in the same period the related revenue is recognized.

  

Total commission revenue decreased by $35,096 or 2.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2018 to $1,635,517 compared to $1,670,613 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 primarily because of a decrease in selected traders commission revenue by $980,256and an increase in transaction commission revenue by $945,160 resulting from the implementation of A-tier model, which led an increase in number of traders and new product categories such as sports memorabilia.

   

  (iii) Management fee revenue

 

We charge Traders a management fee to cover the costs of insurance, storage, and transportation for an artwork and trading management of artwork units, which are calculated at $0.0013 (HK$0.01) per 100 artwork units per day. The management fee is deducted from proceeds from the sale of artwork units..

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2018, management fee revenue decreased by $124,236, from $292,551 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 to $168,315, due to the promotions we ran that period. We waived management fees for certain VIP traders. We recognized these promotions as a reduction of revenue, which was recognized upon the completion of the transactions. 

 

  (iv) Annual fee revenue

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2018, annual fee revenue decreased by $321, from $483 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2017 to $162.

 

  (v) Authorized agent subscription revenue

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2018, authorized agent subscription was $191,623 comparing to $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

Revenue by customers type

 

The following table presents our revenue by customer type:

 

  

Three months ended

March 31,

 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Artwork owners  $1,978,667   $2,307,946 
Non - VIP  traders   1,101,535    332,517 
VIP  traders   702,459    1,631,130 
Authorized agents   191,623    - 
Total  $3,974,284   $4,271,593 

 

Revenue from artwork owners was $1,978,667 and $2,307,946; revenue from non-VIP traders was $1,101,535 and $332,517; revenue from VIP traders was $702,459 and $1,631,130; revenue from authorized agents was $191,623 and $0.

 

 20 

 

   

Cost of Revenue

 

    Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Commission rebate to service agent  $606,491   $- 
Depreciation   159,137    100,372 
Internet service charge   92,438    108,523 
Artwork insurance   53,694    35,236 
Artwork storage   21,582    18,234 
Others   251    294 
Total  $933,593   $262,659 

 

Cost of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017 was $933,593 and $262,659, respectively. Our cost of revenue primarily includes the commission rebate to service agent, internet service charge, artwork insurance, artwork storage and depreciation and amortization of hardware and software for our trading platform.

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit was $3,040,691 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, compared to $4,008,934 for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The decrease was due to the decrease in listing fee revenue and increase in service agent rebate.

 

Listing fees contributed 49.8% of the total revenue for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 compared to 54.0% in the corresponding period in 2017, while commission revenue contributed 41.2% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 compared to 39.1% in the corresponding period in 2017. In current period, there was a decrease in listing fee revenue and a larger cost of revenue contributed by increase in service agent rebate compare to the same period in 2017. Consequently, we posted a comparable gross profit margin of 77% for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to 94% for the same period in 2017.

 

 21 

 

 

Operating Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $3,008,885, compared to $2,573,391 for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Despite the decrease in office, insurance and rental expenses by $17,761 and in share-based compensation by $201,421, there was a significant increase in the following items: salary and welfare by $353,193 because of an increase in employee headcount and the bonus in the first quarter of 2018, non-deductible input VAT expenses by $157,412, arising from the increased service income paid to Shanghai and Tianjin Takung, legal and professional fees by $74,258 due to the increased audit fee, an increase of $48,020 in consultancy fee, an increase of $8,022 in traveling and accommodation fees; as well as an increase of $88,499 in other expenses and bad debt recovery $76,524.

 

The following table sets forth the main components of the Company’s general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

 

   Three months ended
March 31, 2018
   Three months ended
March 31, 2017
 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
   Amount($)   % of Total   Amount($)   % of Total 
Salary and welfare   1,407,537    46.8%   1,054,344    41.0%
Office, insurance and rental expenses   417,138    13.9%   434,899    16.9%
Legal and professional fees   374,022    12.4%   299,764    11.7%
Traveling and accommodation fees   323,537    10.7%   315,515    12.3%
Non-deductible input VAT expense   159,954    5.3%   2,542    0.1%
Consultancy   126,238    4.2%   78,218    3.0%
Share based compensation   85,249    2.8%   286,670    11.1%
Depreciation   69,566    2.3%   67,770    2.6%
Bad debt expense   (76,524)   (2.5)%   -    0%
Other   122,168    4.1%   33,669    1.3%
Total general and administrative expense  $3,008,885    100.0%  $2,573,391    100.0%

 

Other income and expenses

 

Other income and expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $1,077,515, compared to $83,404 for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Despite the increase in loan interest expense by $4,892, there was a significant increase in the following other income items: other income by $127,045 because of an increase in interest income generated by available-for-sales investment in the first quarter of 2018, exchange gain by $871,958, arising from the appreciation of Renminbi against US dollar.

 

Income Taxes Expenses

 

The Company’s effective tax rate varies due to its multiple jurisdictions where pre-tax income or losses occur.. The Company is subject to a Hong Kong profits tax rate at 16.5%, PRC enterprise income tax rate at 25% and U.S. income tax rate of 34% prior to January 1, 2018 while 21% after January 1, 2018 due to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act enacted on December 22, 2017.

 

The effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were 51.1% and 26.1%, respectively. The higher effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to that for the same period in 2017 was chiefly attributable to the lower pre-tax income incurred by our foreign subsidiaries and higher non-deductible expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

Income taxes expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were $442,440 and $307,881, respectively.

 

Net Income

 

We had a net income for the three months ended March 31, 2018 of $423,290 compared to net income of $873,539 for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

The decrease in net income during this current period was due to a decrease in gross profit by $968,243 and an increase of general and administrative expense by $435,494, as discussed in the previous paragraphs. The negative factors were partially offset by an increase in other income of $994,111.

 

 22 

 

   

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The following tables set forth our consolidated statements of cash flow:

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2018   2017 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities  $3,039,614   $(616,716)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   7,878    (209,759)
Effect of exchange rate change on cash and cash equivalents   726,355    139,134 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   3,773,847    (687,341)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning balance   37,140,582    35,138,697 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, ending balance  $40,914,429   $34,451,356 

 

Sources of Liquidity

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, net cash generated from operating activities totaled $3,039,614. Net cash generated from investing activities totaled $7,878. No cash was generated from financing activities during the period. The resulting change in cash for the period was an increase of $3,773,847. The cash balance at the beginning of the period was $37,140,582. The cash balance on March 31, 2018 was $40,914,429.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2017, net cash used in operating activities totaled $616,716. Net cash used in investing activities totaled $209,759. No cash was generated from financing activities during the period. The resulting change in cash for the period was a decrease of $687,341. The cash balance at the beginning of the period was $35,138,697. The cash balance on March 31, 2017 was $34,451,356.

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company had $36,684,284 in total current liabilities, which comprised of $1,007,156 in accrued expense and other payables, $28,104,820 in customers’ deposits, $138,791 in advance from customer, $7,080,903 in loan payable and $352,614 in tax payables. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had $34,910,711 in total current liabilities, which included $1,461,858 in accrued expense and other accruals, $25,273,617 in customers’ deposits, $170,078 in advance from customers, $7,208,761 in short-term borrowings from third parties, $483,822 in amount due to related party and $312,575 in tax payables.

  

The Company is aware of events or uncertainties which may affect its future liquidity because of capital controls in the PRC. The RMB is only currently convertible under the "current account," which includes dividends, trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions, but not under the "capital account," which includes foreign direct investment and loans, including loans we may secure from our onshore subsidiaries or variable interest entities. Currently, our PRC subsidiaries, which are wholly-foreign owned enterprises, may purchase foreign currency for settlement of "current account transactions," including payment of dividends to us, without the approval of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, the relevant PRC governmental authorities may limit or eliminate our ability to purchase foreign currencies in the future for current account transactions. The existing and future restrictions on currency exchange may limit our ability to utilize revenue generated in Renminbi to fund our business activities outside of the PRC or pay dividends in foreign currencies to our stockholders, including holders of our shares of common stock. Foreign exchange transactions under the capital account remain subject to limitations and require approvals from, or registration with, SAFE and other relevant PRC governmental authorities. This could affect our ability to obtain foreign currency through debt or equity financing for our PRC subsidiaries.

 

Applicable PRC law permits payment of dividends to us by our operating subsidiaries in China only out of their net income, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Our operating subsidiaries in China are also required to set aside a portion of their net income, if any, each year to fund general reserves for appropriations until such reserves have reached 50% of the subsidiary's registered capital. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. In addition, registered share capital and capital reserve accounts are also restricted from withdrawal in the PRC, up to the amount of net assets held in each operating subsidiary. In contrast, there is no foreign exchange control or restrictions on capital flows into and out of Hong Kong. Hence, our Hong Kong operating subsidiary is able to transfer cash without any limitation to the U.S. under normal circumstances.

 

If our operating subsidiaries were to incur additional debt on their own behalf in the future, the instruments governing the debt may restrict the ability of our operating subsidiaries to transfer cash to our U.S. investors.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements 

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements, including arrangements that would affect our liquidity, capital resources, market risk support, and credit risk support or other benefits.

 

Future Financings

 

We have always been generating sufficient cash from our operation to fund our business organically. However, we may conduct equity sales of our common shares in order to fund further expansion and growth of our business. Issuances of additional shares will result in dilution to existing stockholders. There is no assurance that we will achieve any sales of the equity securities to fund expansion and other activities, or if we are able, there is no guarantee that existing shareholders will not be substantially diluted. In essence, we do not need to rely on equity sales to fund our business operations.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We regularly evaluate the accounting policies and estimates that we use to make budgetary and financial statement assumptions. A complete summary of these policies is included in the notes to our financial statements. In general, management's estimates are based on historical experience, on information from third party professionals, and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the facts and circumstances. Actual results could differ from those estimates made by management.

 

See Note 2 to the financial statements included herewith and Note 2 to the financial statements on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, previously filed with the SEC. 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 2 to the financial statements included herewith and Note 2 to the financial statements on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, previously filed with the SEC.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act), under the supervision of and with the participation of our management, which presently comprises our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Di Xiao and our Chief Financial Officer, Mr. Chun Hin Leslie Chow. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the three months ended March 31, 2018 were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2018 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

Copies of the following documents are included as exhibits to this report pursuant to Item 601 of Regulation S-K.

 

Exhibit
No.
  Description
     
3.1   Certificate of Incorporation (1)
3.2   By-laws of the Company (2)
3.3   Certificate of Amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation (1)
3.4   Certificate of Amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation (1)
3.5   Certificate of Amendment (2)
3.6   Certificate of Amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation (4)
3.7   Certificate of Incorporation of Hong Kong Takung Assets and Equity Artworks Exchange Co., Ltd.(3)
3.8   Articles of Association of Hong Kong Takung Assets and Equity Artworks Exchange Co., Ltd.(3)
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
32.1   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer and the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document*
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document*
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document*
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document*
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document*
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document*

  

(1)       Incorporated by reference to the exhibit to our registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the SEC on August 16, 2011.

(2)       Incorporated by reference to the exhibit to our current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 7, 2013.

(3)       Incorporated by reference to the exhibit to our current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 22, 2014.

(4)       Incorporated by reference to the exhibit to our current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 6, 2014.

 

*Filed herewith.

**Furnished herewith.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  TAKUNG ART CO., LTD
     
Date: May 15, 2018 By: /s/ Di Xiao
    Di Xiao
    Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 15, 2018 By: /s/ Chun Hin Leslie Chow
    Chun Hin Leslie Chow
    Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial Officer)

 

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